Abiu

General Description/History:

  • Oval shaped fruit about the size of a mango
  • Bright yellow when ripe
  • Weighs from 100g – 600g
  • Smooth, leathery skin about 5mm thick
  • The flesh is gelatinous, translucent white 1-5 large seeds
  • Has a caramel flavour

The tree is an evergreen, pyramidal in shape with an open structure. Leaves are dark green, 100-250mm long and concentrated at the branch ends. Height is in the vicinity of 5-15 metres.

Select firm, glossy fruit, free from blemishes.

Eaten fresh, simply scoop out the flesh taking care to remove the seeds. Delicious pureed and used in beverages.

The tree grows best in a humid tropical or subtropical climate, with 1000-3000mm of rain well distributed throughout the year, and preferably within 20° north or south of the Equator, with minimum temperatures not below 0°C and altitudes to 500m, temperature permitting. In humid climates, healthy trees have survived temperatures down to -2°C with little damage. The Abiu tree is tolerant of a range of soils. Good drainage is essential as is exposure to full sun from an early stage.

The Abiu originates from the Amazon Region including Peru, Venezuela, Equador and Colombia.

Nutritional Value:

A good source of B group vitamins and vitamin C.

Storage/Handling:

10°C and 90 – 95% relative humidity. Extra care should be taken as abiu bruise easily.

Consumer Storage: Ripen at room temperature and store in the refrigerator crisper for a short period.

Season: Summer, Winter, Spring

Botanical Name: Pouteria caimito (Sapotaceae)

Alternative Names: Caimo, Cauje

Availablity: January, February, July, August, September, November, December

Growing Areas: QLD – Tropical North, NT – Darwin