Raspberry

General Description/History

  • A deep red coloured berry
  • A cluster of 75-125 duplets held together by a network of fine, interlacing hairs
  • Raspberries are a hollow fruit (no core) when harvested

Raspberry plants are perennial, with roots living for many years. The cane or stem, however, lives for only 2 years. The cane grows during the first season. Flowers and fruit are produced during the second season then the cane dies.

New canes are produced each year from underground roots or basal cane buds. Canes are upright and may reach a height of 2.5m or more. Stems may have sharp, strong thorns or spines, have scattered, weak prickles, or be essentially thornless.

Select plump, firm, bright red fruit. When in punnets check the underside of the punnet for squashed or aged fruit.

Are lovely used in a fruit compote, fresh with cheese or cream, pureed as a sauce, summer pudding or in filo pastry as a fruit pie or strudel.

Berry fruits prefer cool summers, a rain free harvest season and a cool winter for uniform bud break. Rain at harvest can cause soft fruit and fruit rot.

Berry fruits need to be grown on a trellis system, so they are easier to manage and harvest. The plants are spaced sometimes as close as 0.3m apart to develop a continuous hedge.

Short shoots develop on the one year old canes called primocanes. Fruit develops on these shoots. The canes die after fruiting, so they are pruned.

Most commercial raspberry varieties are of European origin. Some varieties have been developed from hybridisation with native North American varieties.

Russia produces 27% of world raspberry production. Other countries producing raspberries are Hungary, Yugoslavia, Germany, United Kingdom, Poland, and North America. Countries in the southern hemisphere contribute less then 2% of world production.

Nutritional Value

Raspberries are an excellent source of dietary fibre and vitamin C. Raspberries also contain useful sources of vitamin A, B, B2, calcium, phosphorus magnesium and iron.

Storage/Handling

0°C and 90 -100% relative humidity.

Interesting Facts and Myths?

The loganberry was developed in 1881 by James H. Logan (1841-1928), an American lawyer and horticulturist, in Santa Cruz, California. It is a cross between a blackberry and a raspberry.

Season: Summer,Autumn

Botanical Name: Rubus idaeus (Rosaceae)

Alternative Names:

Availablity: January,February,March,April

Growing Areas:

QLD – Applethorpe, Toowoomba
NSW – Camden, Maitland, Orange, Tumut, Windsor, Young
VIC – Melbourne Metropolitan Area, North East
TAS – Channel, Deloraine, Huon
SA – Adelaide Hills